The long-range missile had been in development by German scientists since the 1930s. After numerous failures, on October 3, 1942 they achieved a successful trial launch of the V-2 from Peenemunde, an island off Germany's Baltic coast. The missile was capable of carrying a one-ton warhead and traveled 118 miles in that first test.
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|Wernher Von Braun|
When the war ended, both the US forces and the Soviets rushed to grab as much of the V-2 technology and as many German rocket scientists as they could. The legacy of the V-2 project has been both positive and dark in that it resulted in both the American and Soviet space programs that advanced human understanding as well as the development of the Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBM) capable of carrying nuclear warheads.